Mahabaleshwar Pratishthapana [Canto 56]

start stop bwd fwd

Mahabaleshwar Pratishthapana [Canto 56]

Kaikasi, mother of Ravana was a staunch devotee of Shiva. One day God Indra out of jealousy stole the Shivlinga worshipped by her and drowned it beneath the sea. To ensure daily prayers, Kaikasee made a shivlinga of sand and continued her worship. Enraged by this scene, Ravana vowed to bring Shiva himself for his mother’s prayer. Ravana went to mount Kailash, abode of Shiva and performed sever penance. He danced, he sang in his melodious voice and he praised Shiva. Pleased by his worship Shiva promised to bestow boon wished by Ravana.

Ravana said I want you to come with me to Lanka for my mother’s worship. Mahadeo asked “why me? I will give you Mrugashingalinga worshipped by me”. He also blessed him that “if you worship the Mrugashingalinga for continuous period of three years, you shall become Ishwar (i.e. God)”.

Ravana happily agreed to this change in boon. Shiva removed the Mrugashingalinga. The Mrugashingalinga was shining like thousand Suns. Shiva prayed it, packed it properly and handed it over to Ravana. He cautioned Ravana , not to keep the Mrugashingalinga on earth before reaching Lanka. He warned him that once placed on earth, the Mrugashingalinga shall get eternally embedded.

Ravana took the Atmalinga and started walking down towards Lanka. He was very happy while havoc took place amongst Gods. God’s feared that, this will make Ravana immortal and to stop the menace to the world, Gods tried to follow him. Ravana roared loudly at them, teased them and ignored them and continued his walk.

Vishnu knew that Ravana would not attack his enemies in the evening. He also knew that being a Brahmin he will perform his evening rituals (Sandhya Vandana) and so Vishnu requested Ganapati to take a form of Brahmin Boy (Batu) and appear before Ravana. As Ganapati reached near Pitru Stahali, Vishnu played a trick; he covered Sun by his Sudershan Chakra. Ravana became prey to this trick.

He saw a batu and requested him to hold the Mrugashingalinga till he returned after ablutions (i.e. evening rituals). Ganapati agreed to do so, on one condition and that in case if he cannot bear the weight of the Mrugashingalinga, he will call Ravana thrice. If Ravana does not return within three calls, he shall keep it down. Ravana was in haste to ensure that he does not miss his evening rituals and overlooked the warning.

Gods kept weight of the universe on the Mrugashingalinga and Ganapati could not hold it. He called Ravana thrice. As Ravana did not return in three calls, he placed the Mrugashingalinga on earth. Immediately its roots went deep down in Sapta Patal and firmly entrenched on the earth. Mighty Ravana tried to lift it, but only succeeded in twisting it. This twisted Mrugashingalinga, took shape like an ear of a cow. In Sanskrit, “Go” also means cow and “Karna” means Ear, hence named as Gokarna. Mighty Ravana finally surrendered before the almighty Shankara and hence the Mrugashingalinga was named as Gokarna Mahabaleshwar.

This place is known as “BhuKailash” and Southern Varanasi. This is the most sacred, pious and holly ‘Mrugashingalinga’ prayed by Lord Shankar, consecrated by Ganapati in the presence of Lord Vishnu. The Mrugashingalinga is enshrined in a suave Shaligrama Pitha, having a small tip at its centre. Devotees can enter the sanctum sanctorum, can have sparsh-darshan (touch), can perform Abhishek with their own hands and pray. The story trails back to Vaivsvat Manvantara in Tretayuga.

Dwibhuja Ganesh.

Outrageous Ravana hit Ganesha with all his power and he was shocked to see that nothing happened to Batu except for a wound on his forehead. Ravana was very proud of his might and he could not believe a human boy sustaining his punch. Ganpati emerged in his original form.

Exactly forty steps behind the Mrugashingalinga, sages placed a two handed Ganesh statue to commemorate saving of Atmalinga by deceiving demon Ravana. The deity has a wound on it’s forehead. This is the only Ganpati with two hands. Dwi means two and bhuja means hands and that is why this Ganpati is named as Dwi Bhuja Ganesh.



Patta Vinayak.

The news that Vishnu redeemed the complex situation and Ganesha actively executed the same, reached mount Kailash through Wind God (Vayu Deva). Shiva , Parvati along with their Gana’s came to Gokarna. Here in Gokarna, Gods were celebrating their victory. Shankar was very pleased to know that his Mruga Shinga Linga had finally rested in Rudra Yoni and he worshipped the same.

A coronation (Pattabhishek) ceremony took place in Gokarna. Vinayak was offered a golden throne and a golden crown decorated with jewels. Gandharva’s sang in his honor, Apsara’s danced. Vishnu brought pious water from heaven for rituals, Parvati decorated her son with ornaments, Shankar offered him a ring and appointed him as protector of Gokarna realm. He blessed him by a name ‘Chintamani Vinayak’ i.e. the one who removes all worries and fulfills all wishes. It is said that to earn full points of Gokarana Tirtha Yatra, the devotee’s must first visit and pray ‘Chintamani Vinayak’ before worshipping Mahabaleshwar.

Beacause of pattabhishek, this Ganapati is known as Patta Vinayak and is 52 steps away from Koti Tirtha in South- East direction.




Since the moment Shankar gave his Mrugashingalinga to Ravana, all Gods were under tremendous tension. Ravana was well aware of the fact that once the Mrugashingalinga is kept on earth, it cannot be removed. In spite of the word of caution, the depressed demon king Ravana tried hard to pull the Mrugashingalinga from earth. He failed miserably in this attempt, as Mrugashingalinga was firmly entrenched to earth. In fact Ravana fainted during the process. This scene made Gods laugh. Their laughter created a sound of Kal Kal and hence this Shivlinga is known as Kalkalleshwar.